Your doctor will want to know which medications you take, any eye conditions with which you have been previously diagnosed, and any family history of conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, glaucoma, and macular degeneration. Your eye exam may also include a series of tests, including:
- Following a slow-moving object (such as a pen) with your eyes to assess the eye muscles.
- Reading letters on a chart across the room.
- Measuring how your cornea refracts light.
- Assessing your field of vision and color perception.
- Assessment of the eyelids, cornea, lens, and iris using a slit lamp.
Your doctor will examine the inner structures of your eyes to provide an accurate diagnosis.
Retinal Exam and Glaucoma Screening
Your doctor may dilate your eyes in order to achieve a clear view of the retina and look for any abnormalities. He or she will also use special tools to measure your intraocular pressure (IOP). Abnormally high IOP may indicate glaucoma.